Configuring KubeRay to use Google Cloud Storage Buckets in GKE#

If you are already familiar with Workload Identity in GKE, you can skip this document. The gist is that you need to specify a service account in each of the Ray pods after linking your Kubernetes service account to your Google Cloud service account. Otherwise, read on.

This example is an abridged version of the documentation at The full documentation is worth reading if you are interested in the details.

Create a Kubernetes cluster on GKE#

This example creates a minimal KubeRay cluster using GKE.

Run this and all following commands on your local machine or on the Google Cloud Shell. If running from your local machine, install the Google Cloud SDK.

gcloud container clusters create cloud-bucket-cluster \
    --num-nodes=1 --min-nodes 0 --max-nodes 1 --enable-autoscaling \
    --zone=us-west1-b --machine-type e2-standard-8 \ # Replace my-project-id with your GCP project ID

This command creates a Kubernetes cluster named cloud-bucket-cluster with one node in the us-west1-b zone. This example uses the e2-standard-8 machine type, which has 8 vCPUs and 32 GB RAM.

For more information on how to find your project ID, see or

Now get credentials for the cluster to use with kubectl:

gcloud container clusters get-credentials cloud-bucket-cluster --zone us-west1-b --project my-project-id

Create an IAM Service Account#

gcloud iam service-accounts create my-iam-sa

Create a Kubernetes Service Account#

kubectl create serviceaccount my-ksa

Create a Google Cloud Storage Bucket and allow the Google Cloud Service Account to access it#

Please follow the documentation at to create a bucket using the Google Cloud Console or the gsutil command line tool.

This example gives the principal “Storage Admin” permissions on the bucket. Enable the permissions in the Google Cloud Console (“Permissions” tab under “Buckets” > “Bucket Details”) or with the following command:

gsutil iam ch serviceAccount:[email protected]:roles/storage.admin gs://my-bucket

Create a minimal RayCluster YAML manifest#

You can download the RayCluster YAML manifest for this tutorial with curl as follows:

curl -LO

The key parts are the following lines:

        serviceAccountName: my-ksa

Include these lines in every pod spec of your Ray cluster. This example uses a single-node cluster (1 head node and 0 worker nodes) for simplicity.

Create the RayCluster#

kubectl apply -f ray-cluster.gke-bucket.yaml

Test GCS bucket access from the RayCluster#

Use kubectl get pod to get the name of the Ray head pod. Then run the following command to get a shell in the Ray head pod:

kubectl exec -it raycluster-mini-head-xxxx -- /bin/bash

In the shell, run pip install google-cloud-storage to install the Google Cloud Storage Python client library.

(For production use cases, you will need to make sure google-cloud-storage is installed on every node of your cluster, or use ray.init(runtime_env={"pip": ["google-cloud-storage"]}) to have the package installed as needed at runtime – see for more details.)

Then run the following Python code to test access to the bucket:

import ray
import os
from import storage

GCP_GCS_BUCKET = "my-bucket"
GCP_GCS_FILE = "test_file.txt"


def check_gcs_read_write():
    client = storage.Client()
    bucket = client.get_bucket(GCP_GCS_BUCKET)
    blob = bucket.blob(GCP_GCS_FILE)
    # Write to the bucket
    blob.upload_from_string("Hello, Ray on GKE!")
    # Read from the bucket
    content = blob.download_as_text()
    return content

result = ray.get(check_gcs_read_write.remote())

You should see the following output:

Hello, Ray on GKE!