Source code for ray.train.torch.torch_trainer

from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Optional, Union

from ray.train import Checkpoint, DataConfig, RunConfig, ScalingConfig
from ray.train.data_parallel_trainer import DataParallelTrainer
from ray.train.torch.config import TorchConfig
from ray.train.trainer import GenDataset
from ray.util import PublicAPI

[docs]@PublicAPI(stability="stable") class TorchTrainer(DataParallelTrainer): """A Trainer for data parallel PyTorch training. At a high level, this Trainer does the following: 1. Launches multiple workers as defined by the ``scaling_config``. 2. Sets up a distributed PyTorch environment on these workers as defined by the ``torch_config``. 3. Ingests the input ``datasets`` based on the ``dataset_config``. 4. Runs the input ``train_loop_per_worker(train_loop_config)`` on all workers. For more details, see: * :ref:`PyTorch Guide <train-pytorch>` * :ref:`PyTorch Lightning Guide <train-pytorch-lightning>` * :ref:`Hugging Face Transformers Guide <train-pytorch-transformers>` Example: .. testcode:: import os import tempfile import torch from torch import nn from torch.nn.parallel import DistributedDataParallel import ray from ray.train import Checkpoint, CheckpointConfig, RunConfig, ScalingConfig from ray.train.torch import TorchTrainer # If using GPUs, set this to True. use_gpu = False # Number of processes to run training on. num_workers = 4 # Define your network structure. class NeuralNetwork(nn.Module): def __init__(self): super(NeuralNetwork, self).__init__() self.layer1 = nn.Linear(1, 32) self.relu = nn.ReLU() self.layer2 = nn.Linear(32, 1) def forward(self, input): return self.layer2(self.relu(self.layer1(input))) # Training loop. def train_loop_per_worker(config): # Read configurations. lr = config["lr"] batch_size = config["batch_size"] num_epochs = config["num_epochs"] # Fetch training dataset. train_dataset_shard = ray.train.get_dataset_shard("train") # Instantiate and prepare model for training. model = NeuralNetwork() model = ray.train.torch.prepare_model(model) # Define loss and optimizer. loss_fn = nn.MSELoss() optimizer = torch.optim.SGD(model.parameters(), lr=lr) # Create data loader. dataloader = train_dataset_shard.iter_torch_batches( batch_size=batch_size, dtypes=torch.float ) # Train multiple epochs. for epoch in range(num_epochs): # Train epoch. for batch in dataloader: output = model(batch["input"]) loss = loss_fn(output, batch["label"]) optimizer.zero_grad() loss.backward() optimizer.step() # Create checkpoint. base_model = (model.module if isinstance(model, DistributedDataParallel) else model) checkpoint_dir = tempfile.mkdtemp() {"model_state_dict": base_model.state_dict()}, os.path.join(checkpoint_dir, ""), ) checkpoint = Checkpoint.from_directory(checkpoint_dir) # Report metrics and checkpoint.{"loss": loss.item()}, checkpoint=checkpoint) # Define configurations. train_loop_config = {"num_epochs": 20, "lr": 0.01, "batch_size": 32} scaling_config = ScalingConfig(num_workers=num_workers, use_gpu=use_gpu) run_config = RunConfig(checkpoint_config=CheckpointConfig(num_to_keep=1)) # Define datasets. train_dataset = [{"input": [x], "label": [2 * x + 1]} for x in range(2000)] ) datasets = {"train": train_dataset} # Initialize the Trainer. trainer = TorchTrainer( train_loop_per_worker=train_loop_per_worker, train_loop_config=train_loop_config, scaling_config=scaling_config, run_config=run_config, datasets=datasets ) # Train the model. result = # Inspect the results. final_loss = result.metrics["loss"] .. testoutput:: :hide: ... Args: train_loop_per_worker: The training function to execute on each worker. This function can either take in zero arguments or a single ``Dict`` argument which is set by defining ``train_loop_config``. Within this function you can use any of the :ref:`Ray Train Loop utilities <train-loop-api>`. train_loop_config: A configuration ``Dict`` to pass in as an argument to ``train_loop_per_worker``. This is typically used for specifying hyperparameters. Passing large datasets via `train_loop_config` is not recommended and may introduce large overhead and unknown issues with serialization and deserialization. torch_config: The configuration for setting up the PyTorch Distributed backend. If set to None, a default configuration will be used in which GPU training uses NCCL and CPU training uses Gloo. scaling_config: The configuration for how to scale data parallel training. ``num_workers`` determines how many Python processes are used for training, and ``use_gpu`` determines whether or not each process should use GPUs. See :class:`~ray.train.ScalingConfig` for more info. run_config: The configuration for the execution of the training run. See :class:`~ray.train.RunConfig` for more info. datasets: The Ray Datasets to ingest for training. Datasets are keyed by name (``{name: dataset}``). Each dataset can be accessed from within the ``train_loop_per_worker`` by calling ``ray.train.get_dataset_shard(name)``. Sharding and additional configuration can be done by passing in a ``dataset_config``. dataset_config: The configuration for ingesting the input ``datasets``. By default, all the Ray Dataset are split equally across workers. See :class:`~ray.train.DataConfig` for more details. resume_from_checkpoint: A checkpoint to resume training from. This checkpoint can be accessed from within ``train_loop_per_worker`` by calling ``ray.train.get_checkpoint()``. metadata: Dict that should be made available via `ray.train.get_context().get_metadata()` and in `checkpoint.get_metadata()` for checkpoints saved from this Trainer. Must be JSON-serializable. """ def __init__( self, train_loop_per_worker: Union[Callable[[], None], Callable[[Dict], None]], *, train_loop_config: Optional[Dict] = None, torch_config: Optional[TorchConfig] = None, scaling_config: Optional[ScalingConfig] = None, run_config: Optional[RunConfig] = None, datasets: Optional[Dict[str, GenDataset]] = None, dataset_config: Optional[DataConfig] = None, metadata: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None, resume_from_checkpoint: Optional[Checkpoint] = None, ): if not torch_config: torch_config = TorchConfig() super(TorchTrainer, self).__init__( train_loop_per_worker=train_loop_per_worker, train_loop_config=train_loop_config, backend_config=torch_config, scaling_config=scaling_config, dataset_config=dataset_config, run_config=run_config, datasets=datasets, resume_from_checkpoint=resume_from_checkpoint, metadata=metadata, )